The Toyota 4Runner N60 went on sale in 1984. The design of the car was almost identical to the Toyota Hilux, but the model base was taken from the Toyota Trekker.
Throughout its life cycle, the car was constantly upgraded, and on the Assembly line lasted until 1989 – that’s when the presentation of the next generation model took place.
In 1986 the Surf / 4Runner underwent a major design change to the front suspension, as it was changed from a solid front axle to the Hi-Trac independent front suspension. Track width was also increased by three inches. These changes make trucks more comfortable on the road, and stability and better handling. The new suspension also increased engine compartment clearance (necessary to fit larger engines, such as the V6 introduced in 1987), but arguably decreased truck’s off-road capabilities. The American specification Toyota Pickup North also adopted this new suspension, but the regular Hilux for other markets at this point retained the most robust and capable, if less refined, solid axle configuration. With the 1986 update, the Surf / 4Runner grille changed from the three-segment type to the two-segment grille. Tops were color matched in blue, red, and some gold models, while other body colors are still sold with black or white tops.
A turbo version of the 22R-E engine (the 22R-TE) was also introduced in 1986, although this engine is significantly rarer than the base 22R-E. It appears that all turbocharged 4Runner models sold in the US They were equipped with an automatic transmission, through a five-speed manual could still ask for turbocharged pickups. Most of the 4Runner turbo were equipped with the SR5 package, and all turbo trucks standardized on a heavier rear differential later used on the V6 model. The bass option models had a small light in the gauge cluster to indicate turbo boost, while the plush vehicles were equipped with a fully digital gauge cluster that includes a boost gauge. Naturally aspirated and turbocharged diesel engines were also available in the pickups at this time as well, but it appears that no diesel 4Runners were imported into the United States.
During 1984 to 1986 many 4Runners were imported into the USA. without rear seats. With just two seats the vehicle could be classified as a truck (rather than a sports vehicle) and could border on the higher customs duties imposed on sports and recreational vehicles. Most had aftermarket seats and seat belts added by North American dealers after they were imported.
In 1988, the 22R-E engine was accompanied by an optional 3.0L V6 engine, the 3VZ-E. This engine was significantly larger and more powerful although it is not as reliable as the original 4 cylinder offering. Trucks sold with the V6 engine were equipped with the same heavy-duty rear differential that was used on turbo trucks, as well as a new transmission and transfer case; The transfer case was chain-driven, although considered less rugged, creating less noise from the old gear unit cab used behind the four-cylinder engine.
An engine that was not used in the United States market and seldom in Japanese trucks on the domestic market was the 3Y engine, which was used in place of the 22R engine in New Zealand models, more rarely followed by 4Y gasoline. 2.2 in later versions. This was a decision by Toyota New Zealand to reduce parts needed to be supplied by dealers like no other Toyota sold in New Zealand at the time using R-series engines.
Small cosmetic and option changes were made in 1988 for the 1989 model year, but the model was largely left intact in anticipation of the replacement model after undergoing final development.
|Also called:||Toyota Hilux Surf|
Toyota 4Runner Hilux
|Engine:||2.0 L 3Y I4 (1984–1989)|
2.4 L 22R/22R-E I4 (1984–1989)
2.4 L 22R-TE turbo I4 (1986–1988)
3.0 L 3VZ-E V6 (1988–1989)
2.4 L 2L diesel I4 (1984–1989)
2.4 L 2L-T turbodiesel I4 (1985–1989)
|Wheelbase||103.0 in (2,616 mm)|
|Length:||174.6 in (4,435 mm)|
|Width:||66.5 in (1,689 mm)|
|Height:||66.1 in (1,679 mm)|
|Curb weight:||3,520–3,760 lb (1,597–1,706 kg) (approx.)|