Toyota released the second generation of Hilux Surf and 4Runner in 1989 for the 1990 model year. Known as the N120 / N130 series, these models continued their reliance on the Hilux pickup as a base. A fundamental change with respect to the first generation of the model was represented. Instead of an upgraded pickup with the fiberglass bushing, the new 4Runners offered a newly designed, integrated full-body steel body mounted on the existing frame. However, the 4Runner remained virtually identical to the Hilux of the forward B-pillars. It also gained a new coil-spring rear suspension system, which unfortunately turned out to be as prone to sagging as the leaf springs at the rear of previous models.
Almost all second-generation 4Runners were four-door models; however, from launch in 1989 to May 1993, a two-door model was also produced. These models are similar to the four-door models of the time when the bodies were formed as a single unit, rather than the fiberglass tops used in the first generation 4Runners. Second-generation two-door cars are extremely rare. United States sales closed in August 1992 but remained available on the Canadian market in 1993, and Japan until May 1993.
Because the drive train was still developed from the same source, the available engines were identical: The same 2.4L four-cylinder (22R-E) and 3.0L V6 (3VZ) engines were available on the rear wheel of drive and four-wheel-drive designs. The new 4Runner uses the independent front suspension that had been developed in the previous generation. The older gear-style driven transfer case was removed in the V6 models and it now had a chain-driven case. The larger driven gearbox was retained on the 4 cylinder models.
The Hilux Surf version for the Japanese market was also available with a range of diesel engines, including a 2.4L 2L-TE I4 turbodiesel until 1993, followed by a 3.0L 1KZ-TE I4 turbodiesel. Small numbers were also made with a normally aspirated 2.8L 3L I4 diesel, a 2.0L 3Y naturally aspirated I4 gasoline engine, and a 2.4L 22R-E I4 gasoline engine. Most of the gasoline versions of the Hilux Surf received the 3.0 L V6. Various trim levels were offered in Japan ranging from the ‘SSR’ base model through ‘SSR Ltd’, ‘SSR-V’ ‘SSR-X’, and ‘SSR-X Ltd’ to the ‘SSR-G’ topping range . Japanese models are distinguished from the 4Runner export specification by having a side-opening tailgate instead of the 4Runner’s lift-up tailgate.
Most other full-body SUVs produced at the time (eg Nissan Pathfinder, Ford Explorer) Selection of rear doors that opened upwards with the glass closed. In contrast, the second generation 4Runner carries on the first generation retractable glass tailgate. Opening these rear doors requires first retracting the rear window on the tailgate and then lowering the tailgate just like in a truck.
In 1991 for the 1992 model year, the 4Runner received minor cosmetic updates, including one-piece front bumpers and modular headlights instead of the increasingly obsolete sealed rectangular beams. This facelift away from the 4Runner a bit from Hilux pickups that haven’t received the same cosmetic changes. At this time a widebody version with wheel flares extended along with wider wheels and tires was introduced.
Additional cosmetic changes occurred between 1993 and 1995, the last year of the second generation.
The first and second-generation 4Runners were both steered and insecure SUVs. The 1980s and early 1990s crash rules in the United States were not very strict for light trucks, and all early model 4Runners were equipped with doors that offer little protection in the event of a side collision. In most areas, there were little more than two pieces of sheet metal and windows to prevent incoming passenger vehicles from impacting. The crash test rating for the second generation 4Runner was one star on the driver’s side in the event of a frontal collision, while the passenger side received a 4-star rating. Later, stricter crash rules mandate doors that offer the same protection as passenger car doors. In the United States, the 1994 and 1995 model years add side impact beams to doors
Airbags for both the driver and passenger were added in 1995 (1996 model years).
See more specs here.
|Also called||Toyota Hilux Surf, Toyota Hilux SW4 (Brazil)|
|Production||August 1989 to August 1995|
|Мodels of the years||1990-1995|
|Mounting||Japan: Tahara, Aichi|
|Body and chassis|
|Body type||3-door wagon
Toyota land cruiser
Toyota Land Cruiser Prado
|Engine||2.0 L 3Y I4
2.2 L 4Y I4
2.4 L 22R-E I4
3.0 L 3VZ E- V6
2.4L 2L-TE turbodiesel I4
2.4L 2L-TII turbodiesel I4
2.8L 3L diesel I4
3.0 L 1KZ-T / TE I4 turbodiesel
|Transmission||4 speed A340H automatic
|Distance between axis||103.3 in (2624 mm)|
|Length||1990 and 1994 to 1995: 176.0 in (4470 mm)
1991-1993: 176.8 in (4,491 mm)
|Width||66.5 in (1689 mm)|
|Height||66.1 in (1679 mm)|
3,760 lb (1,706 kg) (approx.)
Check out here Toyota 4Runner 2gen N120-N130 crash test.